Lon

 

 

Pioneer Prairie

July, 2008 Bluebell Gentians

Mesquite, Texas

 

Most of these photos were taken in during the first week of  July, 2003. Plants seen included Purple Coneflower, Englemann Daisy, Common Sunflower, Drummond's Skullcap, Ratany, Yellow Puff, Little Blue Stem, Side Oats Grama, KR Bluestem, Johnson Grass, White Prairie Clover, Western Ironweed, American Germander, Redroot, Winecup, Prairie Acacia, White Heliotrope, Firewheel, Purple Horsemint, Narrowleaf Four-O'clock, Gayfeathers, Prairie Plantain, Showy Primrose, and many others. There were 2-3 kestrels, a red-tailed hawk, and other birds.  Special thanks to James Rush for showing Derek & me the prairie that he has visiting over the last 2 years.   Pioneer Prairie is bounded by Galloway Avenue, Republic Pkway, Columbia Pkway, Oates Dr., and Northwest Drive. The area is dissected by many off-road vehicle roads and  a large powerline right-of-way. Due to the lack of periodic fire, there is much encroachment on the prairie by e. red cedar, honey locust,  and other woody species. Plant list is at bottom of page.

 

2003 Update:

November, 2003

 

James Rusk reports for Pioneer Prairie:

 

They brought the bulldozers in last Thursday. I've enclosed some pictures:

1: This is where the road you went up last summer used to be.
2: This is looking north. I'm standing where some woods used to be. You can see
Northwest Drive in the background.

Everything west of the utility easement is still intact.

James

Note the above photos are typical of the continued destruction of  remnant prairies in north central

Texas. 

 

James Rusk submitted these 4 photos for identification.  Please help identify these.

 

Upper Left:  Redroot, New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus)

Upper Right: White Four-O'Clock (Mirabilis albiflora) ?

Lower Left:  Bull Thistle (Cirsium horridulum)?

Lower Right: Four-O'Clock (Mirabilis linearis)

 

 

 

Click on thumbnails below to enlarge...

 

Left to Right:  Rattlesnake Master, Long Branch, Long Branch, Bluebell Gentians, Long Branch, clasping-leaf coneflower, white prairie clover

Left to Right:  rattlesnake master, Long Branch, field of rough-stem rosin weed, purple prairie cover & basketflower,

mexican hat w. beetle, Texas star w. beetle, snow-on-the-prairie, Long Branch, yellow puff

Left to Right:  rough-stemmed rosinweed, blue sage, rattlesnake master, wand milkweed, bluebell gentians, wild leek?, fiery skipper on prairie clover.

Left to Right:  funereal skipper on purple prairie clover, maypop passion-flower, lance-leaf loosestrife, common sunflower, stream bed, power line right of way road, impacts from off-road vehicles (there are many of these roads

crossing the prairie).

 

Aerial photo with legend

Longbranch Prairie and environs – 8/1/03

James Rusk, Jack Hill & son, Jim Varnum

Plants listed in BRIT* order.

* BTIT = Shinners and Mahler’s Illustrated Flora of North Center Texas

                                                                                                                               

No.

Mark

Scientific Name

Common Name

Plant

Family

Code

Page

1.         

X

Juniperus virginiana

Eastern red cedar

Tree

Cypressaceae

c

203

2.         

X

Ruellia humilis

Low reullia, Wild petunia

Forb

Acanthaceae

d

216

3.         

X

Toxicodendron radicans subsp. ?

Poison ivy

All

Anacardiaceae

d

236

4.         

X

Erynginium leavenworthii

Eryngo

Forb

Apiaceae

d

252

5.         

X

Erynginium yuccafolium

Rattlesnake master

Forb

Apiaceae

d

252

6.         

X

Torilis arvensis

Hedge parsley, Beggar’s lice

Forb

Apiaceae

d

262

7.         

X

Asclepias viridiflora

Wand milkweed

Forb

Asclepiadaceae

d

282

8.         

X

Asclepias viridis

Green milkweed

Forb

Asclepiadaceae

d

282

9.         

X

Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Little ragweed

Forb

Asteraceae

d

309

10.      

X

Ambrosia trifida var. texana

Giant ragweed

Forb

Asteraceae

d

310

11.      

X

Arnoglossum plantagineum

Indian plantain

Forb

Asteraceae

d

314

12.      

X

Aster ericoides (NEW Symphyotrichum ericoides)

Heath aster

Forb

Asteraceae

d

318

13.      

X

Brickellia eupatorioides var. texana

False boneset

Forb

Asteraceae

d

329

14.      

X

Centaurea americana

American basketflower

Forb

Asteraceae

d

332

15.      

X

Conyza canadensis var. =

Horseweed

Forb

Asteraceae

d

341

16.      

X

Echinacea angustifolia

Purple prairie coneflower

Forb

Asteraceae

d

347

17.      

X

Helianthus annuus

Texas sunflower

Forb

Asteraceae

d

369

18.      

X

Helianthus maximiliani

Maximilian sunflower

Forb

Asteraceae

d

370

19.      

X

Iva angustifolia

Narrow-leaf sumpweed

Forb

Asteraceae

d

379

20.      

X

Liatris mucronata

Gayfeather

Forb

Asteraceae

d

384

21.      

X

Silphium radula

Rough-stem rosinweed

Forb

Asteraceae

d

406

22.      

X

Solidago rigida

Rigid goldenrod

Forb

Asteraceae

d

414

23.      

X

Vernonia baldwinii

Western ironweed

Forb

Asteraceae

d

428

24.      

X

Catalpa speciosa

Catalpa

Tree

Bignoniaceae

d

443

25.      

X

Heliotropium tenellum

Pasture heliotrope

Forb

Boraginaceae

d

450

26.      

X

Rapistrum rugosum

NCN, bastard cabbage

Forb

Brassicaceae

d

476

27.      

X

Symphoricarpos orbiculata

Coralberry

Shrub

Caprifoliaceae

d

510

28.      

X

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. ?

Morning-glory

Vine

Convolvulaceae

d

556

29.      

X

Cornus drummondii

Rough-leaf dogwood

Tree

Cornaceae

d

561

30.      

X

Curcubita foetidissima

Buffalo gourd

Vine

Cucurbitaceae

d

568

31.      

X

Curcubita texana

Texas gourd

Vine

Cucurbitaceae

d

568

32.      

X

Cuscuta sp.

dodder

Forb

Cuscutaceae

d

572+

33.      

X

Chamaesyce nutans

Eyebane

Forb

Euphorbiaceae

d

596

34.      

X

Croton monanthogynus

Prairie tea

Forb

Euphorbiaceae

d

600

35.      

X

Euphorbia bicolor

Snow-on-the prairie

Forb

Euphorbiaceae

d

606

36.      

X

Sapium sebiferum

Chinese tallow

Tree

Euphorbiaceae

d

612

37.      

X

Chamacrista fasciculata

Partridge pea

Forb

Fabaceae

d

642

38.      

X

Dalea compacta var. pubescens

Showy prairie clover

Forb

Fabaceae

d

648

39.      

X

Dalea multiflora

White prairie clover

Forb

Fabaceae

d

650

40.      

X

Desmanthus illinoensis

Illinois bundleflower

Forb

Fabaceae

d

652

41.      

X

Gleditsa traicanthos

Honey locust

Tree

Fabaceae

d

660

42.      

X

Neptunia lutea

Yellow puff

Vine

Fabaceae

d

680

43.      

X

Sophora affinis

Eve’s necklace

Tree

Fabaceae

d

697

44.      

X

Eustoma russellianum

Bluebells

Forb

Gentianaceae

d

727

45.      

X

Krameria lanceolata

Trailing rhatany

Forb

Krameriaceae

d

750

46.      

X

Monarda citriodora

Lemon mint

Forb

Lamiaceae

d

765

47.      

X

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora

Texas giant sage

Forb

Lamiaceae

d

774

48.      

X

Teucrium canadense

American germander

Forb

Lamiaceae

d

782

49.      

X

Lythrum alataum var. lanceolatum

Lance-leaf loosestrife

Forb

Lythraceae

d

802

50.      

X

Cocculus carolinus

Carolina snailseed

Vine

Menispermaceae

d

824

51.      

X

Maclura pomifera

Osage orange, Horse apple

Tree

Moraceae

d

831

52.      

X

Morus rubra

Red mulberry

Tree

Moraceae

d

832

53.      

X

Mirabilis linearis

Four o’clock

Forb

Nyctaginaceae

d

840

54.      

X

Ligustrum quihoui

Quihoui’s privet

Shrub

Oleaceae

d

850

55.      

X

Gaura parviflora

Lizard-tail gaura

Forb

Onagraceae

d

856

56.      

X

Stenosiphon linifolius

False gaura

Forb

Onagraceae

d

866

57.      

X

Passiflora incarnata

Passion-flower

Vine

Passifloraceae

d

878

58.      

X

Prunus mexicana

Mexican plum

Tree

Rosaceae

d

949

59.      

X

Rosa foliolosa

White prairie rose

Shrub

Rosaceae

d

956

60.      

X

Hedyotis nigricans (NEW Stenaria nigricans)

Bluets

Forb

Rubiaceae

d

966

61.      

X

Zanthoxylum clava-hercules

Hercules’-club, Prickly ash, Toothache tree

Tree

Rutaceae

d

974

62.      

X

Salix nigra

Black willow

Tree

Saliaceae

d

978

63.      

X

Cardiospermum halicacabum

Balloon vine

Vine

Sapindaceae

d

980

64.      

X

Sideroxylan lanuginosum subsp. oblongifolium

Woolly-bucket bumelia, Chittamwood

Tree

Sapotaceae

d

982

65.      

X

Physalis cinerascens

Ground-cherry

Forb

Solanaceae

d

1024

66.      

X

Solanum dimidatum

Horse-nettle

Forb

Solanaceae

d

1028

67.      

X

Solanum rostratum

Buffalo bur

Forb

Solanaceae

d

1030

68.      

X

Celtis laevigata var. =

Hackberry, Sugarberry

Tree

Ulmaceae

d

1038

69.      

X

Ulmus americana

American elm

Tree

Ulmaceae

d

1039

70.      

X

Ulmus crassifolia

Cedar elm

Tree

Ulmaceae

d

1040

71.      

X

Glandularia bipinnatifida

Prairie verbena

Forb

Verbenaceae

d

1050

72.      

X

Verbena halei

Texas vervain

Forb

Verbenaceae

d

1056

73.      

X

Cissus incisa

Cowitch

Vine

Vitaceae

d

1066

74.      

X

Vitis mustangensis

Mustang grape

Vine

Vitaceae

d

1072

75.      

X

Andropogon gerardii subsp.  gerardii.

Big bluestem

Grass

Poaceae

m

1238

76.      

X

Bothriochloa laguroides subsp. torreyana

Silver bluestem

Grass

Poaceae

m

1246

77.      

X

Bouteloua curtipendulata var. =

Side oats grama

Grass

Poaceae

m

1248

78.      

X

Cynodon dactylon

Bermuda grass

Grass

Poaceae

m

1259

79.      

X

Elymus canadensis

Canada wildrye

Grass

Poaceae

m

1268

80.      

X

Eragrostis sessilspica

Tumble love grass

Grass

Poaceae

m

1272

81.      

X

Panicum capillare

Witchgrass

Grass

Poaceae

m

1296

82.      

X

Panicum virgatum

Switchgrass

Grass

Poaceae

m

1302

83.      

X

Paspalum dilidatum

Dallis grass

Grass

Poaceae

m

1305

84.      

X

Schizachyrium scoparium

Little bluestem grass

Grass

Poaceae

m

1316

85.      

X

Setaria parviflora

Knot-root bristlegrass

Grass

Poaceae

m

1319

86.      

X

Sorghum halpense

Johnson grass

Grass

Poaceae

m

1324

87.      

X

Smilax bona-nox

Catbrier

Vine

Smilaceae

m

1346